5 Ways Nonprofits Can Prevent Fraud
Nonprofits organizations continue to suffer loss as a result of fraud. Fraudsters capitalize on every opportunity to steal funds. Millions of dollars are defrauded mainly by those in leadership.
Control measures such as double checking signatures have since proven not to be preventive enough. There are several examples that can illustrate this better. The Washington Post reported the following incidents, all happened between 2007 and 2013:
- a former financial director for the American Red Cross was sentenced to seven years for grand larceny (theft of property having a value above a legally specified amount). The accused embezzled over $274,000 between 2005 and 2009, he used the money to buy clothes and paid tuition fees for his children.
- Another case is that of a fraudster who led the H.O.W Foundation, a nonprofit that provides a center for drug addicts in Tulsa. He was sentenced to 15 months in prison. He wrote himself 213 checks for a total of $1.35 million.
- The former CFO of Project Genesis, a Connecticut nonprofit organization that serves adults and children with disabilities, was sentenced to 33 months imprisonment after embezzling more than $348,000 from the organization over a three-year period. The former CFO stole the organization’s funds by keeping terminated employees on the payroll and then transferring their salaries to his personal bank account.
- A judge on 24 January 2017 sentenced a former Minneapolis police officer, Jordan Davis to two years imprisonment for defrauding Community Action of Minneapolis, a community-based nonprofit organization. He is accused of stealing $140 000 which he drew as a salary for over four years for a job he never did.
There are many similar cases of fraud reported on the news everyday. There’s a greater likelihood that fraud will continue to give nonprofit leaders a headache, especially those still using paper-based systems. During the 2008 economic downturn, the Internal Revenue Service introduced regulations that force nonprofits to spend responsibly.
It is said that the tough economic times also brought an escalating deterioration of morals as high incidence of fraud happened between 2007 and 2013. This has led to a decline in public confidence for nonprofits.
A 2008 Brookings institution survey found that:
- about one third of Americans reported having no confidence in charities,
- 70% thought charitable organizations waste funds,
- and only 10% thought charitable organizations did a very good job of spending money wisely.
Fraud is listed as one of the top reasons why the public has lost confidence in charity organizations. In this blog I’ll share some tips on how to reverse this.
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1.Do regular background checks
Background checks on newly appointed finance employees and managers helps you to minimize chances of fraud. Any applicant with an undisclosed fraud crimes should not be appointed. The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (US) reports that 6% of embezzlers have been previously convicted of fraud.
2.Cultivate a whistle blowing culture
Nonprofits are reluctant to report fraud for fear that negative reports will alienate donors. In most cases, fraud is silently dealt with without involving law enforcement authorities. This way of dealing with the stealing of funds does not help much.
A culture of blowing a whistle on those suspected can make fraudsters to think twice before they steal funds. Just make sure that whistleblowers remain anonymous.
3.Assign finance duties to the right people
Running background checks is not enough, you have to assign this crucial duty to the right people. Authorizing payments, bookkeeping and purchasing duties should only be assigned to responsible individuals. In a situation where there is a shortage of skills, invite inexperienced graduates to volunteer their skills.
4.Have all payments follow stringent multi-layers approvals
At least a minimum of two signatures should approve all payments. These approvals can simultaneously be done on paper and digitally. Records for all processed payments should be safely kept for future referencing.
These measures will dissuade defrauders and make them to think twice.
5.Choose a software that puts you in control
Charity organizations make use of budgets to give more control and insight into spending. This is only achievable when using an efficient software such as Procurementexpress.com. With Procurementexpress.com, fraud is prevented because you are in control of all purchases and the budget.
Procurementexpress.com allows you to run a budget like a pro. For example, the amount can be increased or decreased as desired. Employees are granted access to budgets. So, whilst your employees can easily allocate expenses to budgets to which they have access, other company budgets are hidden from them and cannot be used nor viewed.
COOs and CFOs can approve, reject or comment on POs and get an instant view of budgets, even while on the road. Finance departments can get an accurate and paperless PO tracking system.
What are you waiting for? Sign up for a free trial here.
If you’d like more info about Procurementexpress.com (an automated purchase control system), please contact: mariska.pansegrauw@ProcurementExpress.com